EU’s security crisis and the lack of response by the authorities

by Giovanni Giacalone

The security situation in Italy and in Europe in general is far from under control, that is an evident fact and the wave of violence that has marked various countries since the beginning of September is a sign that should not be underestimated by the authorities….

Terrorismo nel Caucaso del Nord: attacchi in calo, ma preoccupano ancora i problemi della sicurezza

by Giuliano Bifolchi

Il Caucaso del Nord continua a dare segnali contrastanti per quel che riguarda la sicurezza interna dimostrando sempre di più quanto la gestione di questa regione del sud della Russia sia complessa e debba prendere in esame tutta una serie di peculiarità locali e di influenze esterne. Mentre il fenomeno degli attacchi violenti legati alla militanza locale e al terrorismo è in diminuzione, rimane allarmante l’impatto che la propaganda jihadista in lingua russa ha nella regione in un periodo storico che vede un possibile ritorno dei foreign fighters nord caucasici nella loro terra di origine a seguito della caduta dello Stato Islamico a Raqqa (Siria) e Mosul (Iraq)….

Terrorist Psychological Campaigns enhanced by Artificial Intelligence technologies and their neutralization

The capabilities of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning are growing at an unprecedented rate and leading terrorist organizations try and will try more to use Big Data, prognostic weapons and AI as efficient instruments in their asymmetric warfare efforts through Internet.

Kosovo, one of NATO’s closest allies with a jihadist issue

(The political map of Kosovo in the Balkans. Source: Voice of America)

by Giovanni Giacalone

At the end of May the authorities of Kosovo have launched a series of controversial actions in Serbian populated territory that have been seen by Belgrade as provocations in order to cause an escalation of violence, possibly by generating a Serbian reaction. Something which did not occur, as indicated by Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic: “We don’t want to cause a war and we are protecting peace at all costs”….

Islam in Russia and the fight against terrorism: meeting with Albir Krganov

(Map: Islam in Russia and distribution of Muslims in the country. Source: Arena Atlas 2012)

by Giuliano Bifolchi

Islam is the nation’s second most widely professed religion in the Russian Federation. According to official data and the nationwide survey, the number of Muslims in Russia is approximately 20 million people. In the capital Moscow there are four mosques while in the entire country the number of mosques is around 8 thousand. The Russian president Vladimir Putin stated that Russia is a Muslim country which sits as an Observer State in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and traditional Islam is an essential part of the country’s spiritual life….

How jihadists proliferate in the Libyan chaos

(Military situation in Libya April in 2019. Source: 21st Century Wire)

by Giovanni Giacalone

The current confrontation in Libya between general Khalifa Haftar’s forces and Fayez Al-Sarraj’s militias is a further phase of a conflict that has entered its 8th year after the overthrow of former leader Muhammar Ghedafi in 2011. A longstanding civil war that shows major international interference on behalf of Middle East actors on both sides as al-Sarraj’s forces are supported by Qatar and Turkey while Haftar is backed by UAE, Egypt and Saudi Arabia….

Seminar “Islam and counter-terrorism strategy in Russia”: summary

On April 4th, 2019 the Department of History, Cultural Heritage, Education and Society of the Faculty of Literature and Philosophy of the University of Rome Tor Vergata hosted the seminar “Islam and counter-terrorism strategy in Russia” in partnership with the association Ricerca Continua with the purpose of underlining terrorist threats in Russia and the Kremlin’s strategy to contrast radicalisation and jihadist propaganda….

Russian strategy to contrast terrorism and cooperation with EU: interview with Darya Bazarkina

The Russian Federation has been affected by terrorism and violent attacks since the ’90s during the years of the Chechen conflicts and later due to the affirmation of the Caucasus Emirate in the North Caucasus, a terrorist organisation which wanted to create an Emirate in the North Caucasus region and organised several terrorist attacks in entire Russia. After the rise of the Islamic State, Russia has experienced terrorist threats and attacks on its soil and nowadays the main risk is the return of foreign fighters to their homeland who, after having fought in the Middle East and North Africa, have the experience to organise guerilla warfare on the Russian soil….

Terrorist attack in Karachi highlights security threats for China along the Belt and Raod Initiative

The terrorist attack against the Chinese consulate in Karachi (Pakistan) underlines the instability and lack of control of the Pakistani authorities in the Balochistan region with significant consequences for the Chinese economic activities and interests in the country and the Road and Belt Initiative….