The Association of Studies, Research and Internationalization in Eurasia and Africa published the third volume of Geopolitical Report titled “Future challenges and economic trends in Asia” dedicated to the analysis of the Asian continent with special attention to investment opportunities, economic trends, regional and international relations and political challenges.
Due to the complexity and huge size of the continent this publication does not pretend to describe all the dynamics and single aspects of Asia which is diverse, with sub-regions and countries with different population size, ethnic and religious minorities, economic development, and programmes as well as varied weaknesses and threats. On the contrary, the third volume of Geopolitical Report wants to focus the attention on specific topics which our analysts and researchers consider significant to understand the upcoming events and challenges in Asia or to create the starting point for future in-depth research.
Therefore, Professor Ambrish Dhaka in his paper The CICA, SCO and the China Factor in Central Asian Geopolitics analysed the rising influence of Central Asian states in Eurasian geopolitics considering the evolution and development of the Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). These two organisations connect the Central Asian region with the great powers and support the Belt and Road Initiative and the Chinese huge investments in the region.
Mattia Baldoni in his investigation Sicurezza e terrorismo lungo la Via della Seta (Security and terrorism on the New Silk Road) underlined the challenging conditions that can harm the success of the Belt and Road Initiative such as political stability of authoritarian regimes, ethnic conflicts, human rights abuses, and anti-religion campaigns. These challenges for regional security have become a test for the local regimes and the test bench for the success of Beijing’s investment strategy.
Also, Daniele Garofalo in his paper titled Terrorismo e Controterrorismo nel Subcontinente Indiano (Terrorism and Counterterrorism in the Indian Subcontinent) studied the correlation between security and terrorism in the Indian Subcontinent and defined the current security situation of the region paying attention to the regional counterterrorism solutions which every single government has elaborated to counteract the main terrorist groups which are proliferating in the area.
Security problems and terrorism should be studied considering the current situation of ethnic and religious minorities in Asia and the Middle East as C. Alessandro Mauceri did in his research Minoranze etniche e religiose in Asia e Medio Oriente (Ethnic and religious minorities in Asia and the Middle East). Nowadays Asia is a mosaic of hundreds or thousands of minorities that register every year thousands of deaths and persecutions although the continent is experiencing an economic boom driven by Chinese and foreign investments. If the local governments and the international community will not face this imminent problem, there is the risk that terrorist organisations and militant groups might promote their ideology and propaganda exploiting feelings of revenge and hunger of those people persecuted.
In the Asian chessboard Singapore plays a strategic role as Francesco Cirillo emphasised in his study Il ruolo geopolitico di Singapore (The geopolitical role of Singapore) because the country can control the Strait of Malacca and its maritime trade thanks to its military force modernised respecting the international standards, diplomatic relations with regional key players and international powers, and a stable governance.
Yakubova Madinabonu suggested in her research Avoidance or prevention the mechanism is an alternative approach to investor-State dispute settlement workable solutions and legal mechanisms to improve the investment climate in Uzbekistan and create an alternative way to resolve investment disputes. Indeed, the country is becoming a target of foreign direct investments (FDIs), thus ensuring legal protection of foreign investors and their investments through improving the efficiency of the judicial system, developing non-state forms of dispute resolution, and improving legislation in the field of investment activities is the fundamental step.
It is possible to read and download the first volume of Geopolitical Report at the following link: “Future challenges and economic trends in Asia“
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