ASRIE released Geopolitical Report Vol.4/2018 “Mediterranean Sea: Current Trends and Future Challenges”

The Association of Studies, Research and Internationalization in Eurasia and Africa (ASRIE) published Geopolitical Report Vol.4/2018 titled “Mediterranean Sea: Current Trends and Challenges” dedicated to the analysis of the strategic Mediterranean region with the purpose of highlighting the current political and socioeconomic situation and the future challenges and threats of this strategic area.

Since the ancient times, the Mediterranean Sea has been a strategic area where different civilisations, cultures, empires, ideologies have influenced the history of the humankind. For its specific peculiarities and characteristics, the Mediterranean region might be considered as a waterway for cultural and commercial exchanges and the theatre for geopolitical and strategic ambitions.

 If we look at the history of the Mediterranean Sea, it is possible to state that in the last 150 years different emergencies occurred in the region and many of them are still not resolved. The last crisis is the revolutionary movements against the central authority registered in North Africa and the Middle East well-known as the ‘Arab Spring’ whose consequences are still influencing the region and caused the rise of terrorist groups, migration, the collapse of authoritarian regimes in favours of new leaders, civilian wars and instability.

The security of this geopolitical territory includes numerous and difficult questions affecting economic interests and energy supplies. Indeed, Europe consumes 65 per cent of oil and natural gas transited by sea and land in the Mediterranean region while the mix of the financial crisis, stagnant economies, demographic explosions in underdeveloped areas and asymmetric conflicts represent challenges and threats for Europe.

In this volume of Geopolitical Report, we decided to focus the attention on the current trends and future challenges of the region. Emanuele Pietrobon analysed the migration crisis suggesting that there are possibilities to resolve this problem if all the parties elaborate a strategy to stabilise the MENA region and support the development of the African continent.

Matteo Mirti describes the Mediterranean region as a robust network of relations between cities which can contribute to rebuilding that common social and economic fabric on which to rebuild an idea of freedom of the person who has a universal projection. Therefore, the Mediterranean cities can play a fundamental role in the resurgent source of world civilisation in the geopolitical space.

Antonciro Cozzi presented the new strategies for the energy market security in the Mediterranean area where natural gas deposits might represent for Italy the opportunity to become a major energy hub for entire Europe thanks to the Italian strategic position in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea.

We cannot talk about energy market without considering a key player as the Russian Federation whose strategy and interests in the Eastern Mediterranean region were described by Francesco Cirillo who believes that the Russian military support to Bashar al-Assad, the dialogues and diplomatic relations with Turkey and Israel and the Kremlin’s attempts to consolidate its soft power in Greece are part of a big strategy of expansions in the Mediterranean Sea.

Ugo Maria Gaudino in his essay tried to bring into sharper focus how much sway France holds over its former Western and Central African colonies with the purpose of describing the future relations between Paris and the Françafrique where economic relations and projects shall follow military operations.

Daniele Garofalo studied the geopolitical role of the Tuareg describing their historical, sociocultural and religious roots and analysing the impact of the different Tuareg tribes on the North African and Sub-Saharan regions.

Luca Fortini decided to highlight the recent new constitutional law in Israel, a country often discussed and criticised by international experts and human rights organisations and at the same time threatened by its neighbours and terrorist groups. In his study, Luca Fortini delineated the importance of the new constitutional law which establishes Jerusalem the capital of Israel, promotes the Israeli settlements in the West Bank and downgrades the role of the Arabic language inside the country.

It is possible to read and download the fourth volume of Geopolitical Report at the following link: “Mediterranean Sea: Current Trends and Future Challenges“.

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